Building Portfolio with Next.js: Add Navbar, Footer, and Metadata

Building Portfolio with Next.js: Add Navbar, Footer, and Metadata


2 min read

Hello Friends πŸ‘‹,

So, I've added a navbar, footer, and metadata to my project.


What I Learned

Root Layout

  • Root layout applies to all routes and is required.

  • To make Navbar and Footer show on every page, we need to import and apply them in the root layout that we can find in the layout.js in the app folder.

  • Say we want a completely different UI or experience, e.g., for public view pages and dashboard. We can create multiple root layouts based on our needs.


Metadata (or metainformation) is "data that provides information about other data" β€” Wikipedia

  • Next.js has Metadata API that can define our application metadata and automatically generate the relevant <head> elements for our pages.

  • When a route doesn't define metadata, Next.js will always add two meta tags: meta charset and meta viewport.

What I Did

  • I created a components folder in the app folder.

  • I created Navbar.js and Footer.js files in the components folder.

      β”œβ”€β”€ (websitePages)
      β”œβ”€β”€ components
      β”‚   β”œβ”€β”€ Footer.js
      β”‚   └── Navbar.js
      β”œβ”€β”€ globals.css
      β”œβ”€β”€ layout.css
      └── page.js
  • Then I imported and applied the Navbar and the Footer in the RootLayout:

      import "./globals.css"
      import { Inter } from "next/font/google"
      import Navbar from "./components/Navbar"
      import Footer from "./components/Footer"
      const inter = Inter({ subsets: ["latin"] })
      export const metadata = {
          title: "Ayu Adiati",
          description: "Ayu Adiati's portfolio",
      export default function RootLayout({ children }) {
          return (
              <html lang='en'>
                  <body className={inter.className}>
                      <Navbar />
                      <Footer />


  • I added static metadata to all page.js as in the example below:

      // metadata Blog page
      export const metadata = {
          title: "Ayu Adiati | Blog",
          description: "Ayu Adiati's blog posts",
      export default function Blog() {}

Some Thoughts

  • Reading through the docs, I learned about the title.template. I probably will use this in the future.

  • I know metadata helps improve SEO, but I need more knowledge. So I will do more research about metadata in general.

Next Plan

  • Basic styling.

    I want to have a decent style for the navbar and footer for now.

Potential Blockers

I'm crossing my fingers that I have time to continue the project during vacation πŸ€žπŸ™ˆ.

fingers cross


πŸ–ΌοΈ Credit cover image: unDraw

Thank you for reading! Last, you can find me on Twitter, Mastodon, and BlueSky. Let's connect! 😊

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